Magic is a mechanism for understanding, experiencing and influencing the world through the use of rituals, symbols, actions, gestures, or language. Aleister Crowley defined magick (using a k to distinguish it from stage magic) as “the Science and Art of causing Change to occur in conformity with Will.” Donald Michael Kraig built off of Crowley's definition, saying “Magick is the science and art of causing change (in consciousness) to occur in conformity with will, using means not currently understood by traditional Western science.”
Magical traditions have been present since the earliest human cultures, many of which have continued to this day. Because of this, nearly every culture has one or more forms of magical tradition. The following is a list of commonly known traditions, both old and new:
Types of Magic
There are as many types of magic as there are traditions, but there are a few patterns that stand out. Some of these are as follows:
- Crowley, Aleister. Magick, Book 4. p. xii.
- Kraig, Donald. Modern Magick. p. 9.
- O'Neil, Dennis. Evolution of Modern Humans: Early Modern Human Culture.